Saturday, April 19, 2014

1971 Nissan Skyline 2000 GT-R - Hakosuka First Drive

This 1971 Nissan Skyline 2000 GT-R KPGC-10, or Hakosuka is one of about 500 left in the world. This car and owner have a unique story. The old owner sold it to the current owner for about 1/2 its value, but the new owner had to maintain his garden, something he has been doing the last 25 years.

First launched in 1969, the "Hakosuka" GT-R ("hako" meaning boxy, "suka" coming from the Japanese pronunciation of Skyline) was a rare sight. Nissan only built 1945 of them. And today, estimates put the number of original GT-Rs remaining on Japan's streets at about 500.

Read more: for Nissan Skyline GT-R and GT-R parts.

The real GT-R is distinguishable from its "run of the mill" Hakosuka 2000GT brothers by the S20 engine. Dual over head cams, with a huge flat valve cover.

S20 engine. 

Before taking the car for a spin, we asked him to open the hood. Perched in his engine bay was one of Nissan's prettiest-ever powerplants, the so-called S20. With its polished triple Weber carburetors and six shiny pipes, not to mention that bright red rocker cover sporting a Nissan 2000 insignia, the car's pedigree is evident. Essentially the same specification as that of the 1966 Nissan/Prince R380 race car, this 2.0-litre straight-six develops 160 hp at 7000 rpm and 130 lb-ft of torque at 5600 rpm.

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These Hakosuka's are the cars that eventually paved the way for the R32,R33,R34,and R35 GT-R.  A 1971 Hakosuka would be legal to import to the US, and even register in California. Over 25 years old for the NHTSA, over 21 for the EPA, and older than 1975 for California. More information -

And what about the car itself? As you might expect, given its racing history and rarity, this GT-R is not cheap. He says it's currently worth around $100,000, but the potential sales price means nothing to him. "I wouldn't sell for double that amount," he said. "Because you just can't find impeccably maintained GT-Rs anymore." And no 43-year-old car handles or sounds like this anyway."

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El Toro R32 GT-R : Austria's Fastest and Quickest

Super Street Magazine covered the El Toro R32 Nissan Skyline GT-R this month.  With only 6 cars in Austria, it is definitely not Australia. There are quiet a few more GT-R's in Australia than Austria.

It's true that only six Nissan Skyline call the country of Austria home—only two of which are R32—but no other Western European tuning house knows the iconic platform better than them. "The whole weekend we spent together sharing thoughts on the car," Keresztesi says of that first meeting. "I realized these were the guys to bring my R32 to."

Read more: for Nissan Skyline GT-R and GT-R parts.

With a 3.2 liter RB30, this car makes a ton of horsepower- over 1250 horsepower, which should make it scoot.  Anything over 1000 horsepower, no matter how they make it sound in the article, is a very big deal. You have to make sure everything works correctly, or you end up with a very expensive pile of parts. All it takes is one failure in the chain, and you have a bad day. Such are mechanical devices.

Even more cubic inches were wrung out of the 3.0L engine with the help of a Nitto 3.2L stroker assembly. Boost is made possible with a single, albeit large, Garrett GTX42 turbo that helps generate more than 1,050 lb-ft of torque without nitrous oxide. None of that means that Keresztesi has any reservations against chemical horsepower, though; a 150hp-shot of nitrous remains on tap in the event 1,400hp is ever needed.

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Check out the full article and pictures over at Super Street.

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Long Beach Grand Prix 2014

A few pictures from Long Beach Grand Prix.

Thunder on Pine. Wednesday

Naples Island in Long Beach for Nissan Skyline GT-R and GT-R parts.

Mazda diesel LMP2 car

Hot Rod in the C300 Paddock

Looks like Hawk Racing gave up on the Nissan GT-R

Thursday, April 03, 2014

How To Title and Register a 1989 Nissan Skyline In the USA : 25 Year Old Car Importation

Its April 2014, well past April Fools Day, so don't be a fool when it comes to your Nissan Skyline. If you are looking to either import, or buy a Nissan Skyline there are a few things you should know about the title and registration process. In the United States vehicles over twenty five years old are Department of Transportation (DOT) exempt from meeting Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards(FMVSS). At over twenty one years old cars are Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)exempt in original configuration.  If the car is newer than 25 years old, it still might be possible to import it under the Show or Display exemption, but check out that page for more information.To meet California direct import requirements, the car must be older than 1975. To have a newer car meet California requirements, it is very expensive, and sometimes near impossible to comply.

The first things are always to look for documentation on the vehicle. Without documentation, you don't want the car. It is the sellers responsibility to have documents. If they don't have them, the best thing is to pass, and find the next seller that has all the required documents. If you buy a car without proper documentation, you may not be able to title and register it in your state. If someone is selling you a car, you also want to see if they are legally allowed to sell cars. There are importers out there, selling cars, that aren't legal car dealers. Florida has the most shady importers of all. If a car has a Florida title, you should about run away from it. It was probably done wrong. Probably illegally imported, and subject to seizure. No one wants to lose their car, so know what to look for.

If you need help legally importing cars then check out - or on Facebook -

Every state has its own requirements to register a vehicle. Normal requirements for title/registration are:

  • Dereg/Export Certificate
    • Translated copy
  • HS7 (NHTSA entry document)
  • 3520-1 (EPA entry document)
  • 7501 (Customs import form showing tariff paid)
  • Bill of sale/invoice
  • Application
  • Some states require an inspection/VIN verification

The best thing you can do, if you are trying to register a foreign titled/25 year old car is to use a Department of Motor Vehicles service similar to AAA. A service wants to help you get your car registered and titled. The state run DMV's, generally you put something in front of them that they aren't familiar with, and they will deny you.  Don't get mad, take notes on exactly what they want. Get their name. Get their supervisors name. There are times they ask for documents that customs has, or takes. Occasionally they ask for things that can't be produced. Normally with the specific requirements, and the regulations, the error of what they are asking for can be corrected.

California can figure out how to use the chassis number, so can your state

A 25 year old Japanese car doesn't have a 17 digit VIN/Chassis number.  This short VIN, can give some DMV's fits. They don't know how to handle it. Vehicles over 25 years old are not required to meet FMVSS standards, so they aren't required to have a 17 digit VIN. Some states may have some specific title requirements, but please read this newsletter from the NHTSA before they "assign" a VIN to your vehicle. At a state DMV it is easier for the person at the desk to deny you, than help you. So keep this in mind when trying to register cars over 25 years old.

NHTSA Newsletter - Can my vehicle have two VIN numbers. 

Even Ebay has problems with vehicles 1981 or newer and short VIN/Chassis numbers.

More resources: for Nissan Skyline GT-R and GT-R parts.

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Nissan Skyline GT-R Transmissions and Upgrades for Nissan Skyline GT-R and GT-R parts.

Transmissions with and without transfer cases
Transmissions with ATTESA transfercases attached
There were two main transmissions used in the Nissan Skyline GT-R's from 1989-2002.  The R32 and R33 used a 5 speed transmission from Nissan(FS5R30A), and the R34 GT-R used a 6 speed transmission from Getrag(V160). The FS5R30A is very similar to the 300ZX transmission internally. The Getrag is the same transmission as used in the Toyota Supra. The input shaft and main shaft are unique to the GT-R, the rest of the internal parts are interchangeable.

Below is some information I have gathered though the years about Nissan Skyline GT-R transmissions. Not all the latest stuff is on the list. There are a few more PPG options now, few more other things you can do, but most of the information is good. All wheel drive cars are hard, hard, hard on the transmission. When the wheels don't slip, the hard parts break. Third gear is a big one in R32/R33. Bang third gear hard, and it will let go. Some people say the late R33 box is stronger, but I have tried them all, and broken them all. Once, twice in a week in a 500 hp R32 with a nasty clutch(unsprung HKS/Tilton). You want a sprung hub, you want to run Redline Shockproof Heavy gear oil in most trans(not the V160).

The Getrag is loud at idle. The synchros aren't that durable. Even though the Supra guys run them pretty hard, we break weird hard parts in them. Sequentials take some getting used to. Fun, but you have to treat them like a race box(which they are). They require frequent rebuilds if you are 1/2 way serious. Some gearboxes have helical cut gears, some have straight cut gears. If its a street car, or you ever really plan on driving it on the street, do yourself a favor, and get helical cut gears. I put about 2000 street miles in an R32 with a PPG trans. Straight cut, dog engagement. The whine from the gearbox cruising on the highway way pretty annoying. Louder than the 4 inch exhaust, and the Weldon fuel pump.  Your mileage may vary, but the pitch and tone of it, isn't a good sound for a long time.
Getrag V160
V160 6 speedGetrag in an R34 N1. Notice the AN fittings for the transmission cooler. 

OS Giken | Holinger | Trust | Pfizner (PPG) | Powerglide

OS giken Crossmission (Close Ratio transmission) 4.111 front and rear diffs

A type.
1. 2.695
2. 1.703
3. 1.236
4. 1.000
265/35/18(?) tires Speed in gears
120 mph
149 mph
RPM drop with 8000 rpm shift
8000 rpm
5000 rpm
5700 rpm
6400 rpm

F type
1. 2.599
2. 1.669
3. 1.198
4 1.000
265/35/18 (?) tires Speeds in gears
57 mph
89 mph
124 mph
149 mph
RPM drop with 8000 shift

G type
1. 2.516
2. 1.699
3. 1.198
4 1.000
265/35/18 (?) tires Speeds in gears
59 mph
89 mph
124 mph
149 mph
RPM drop with 8000 shift

Option 5th gear
5. .826

265/35/18 (?) tires . Speed in gear 8000 rpm
181 mph

4-5 shift rpm drop
6600 rpm

OS Giken Sequential Transmission - Page 1
1. 2.609
2. 1.934
3. 1.521
Yen 928,000

HKS version 1
1 2.519
2 1.820
3 1.300
4 1.000
5 .807
6 .650
275/40/17 8000 rpm
59 mph

8500 rpm
62 mph

9000 rpm
67 mph

9500 rpm
72 mph

HKS version 2
1 2.701
2 1.904
3 1.343
4 1.000
5 .832
6. .734

What an HKS transmission sounds like while shifting.- Movie

Quaife - 6 speed Dog engagement
1. 2.782
2. 1.938
3. 1.506
$ 7,395.00 - fits in stock gearbox

Greddy - Grex - 6 speed Dog engagement
1. 2.782
2. 1.938
3. 1.506
Made by Quaife

Route 6
1 2.605
2 1.715
3 1.244
4 1.000
5 .752

Pfizner or PPG $6300 AUS

Holinger H6S transmission. Bolts up to R32/R33 engine and transfer case

Holinger - 6 speed sequential Available Ratios $18,000 AUS

Normal R32/R33
1 3.214
2 1.925
3 1.302
4 1.000
5 .752
275/40/17 -
46 mph
114 mph
148 mph
197 mph

RPM Drop on 8000 shift
8000 rpm
4750 rpm
5400 rpm
6250 rpm
6000 rpm

Final Ratio - 4.111

Normal R34
2. 2.360
3. 1.685
4. 1.312
5 1.000
6 0.793
45 mph
73 mph
102 mph
131 mph
172 mph
217 mph
Final Ratio- 3.545

275/50/15 BFG Drag Radial = 26.1 inch tall tire
275/60/15 BFG Drag Radial= 28 inch tall tire
275/40/17 BFG Drag Radial - 25.7 inch tall

305/35R18 236730 10.0-11.0-12.0 32.0 7.6 26.30 12.48 12.2 1819 44 790
275/35ZR18 236710 9.0-9.5-11.0 29.6 8 25.55 10.94 12 1521 44 812

OS Giken Crossmission gearset

Add caption

Stock GT-R gearsets. Both have broken 3rd gear.

Getrag Transmission Rebuild

How to remove a pull style throwout bearing in a late R32,R33, or R34 Nissan Skyline GT-R transmission. Watch the video. Its easy when you know how. 

Pull style throw out bearing on a NISMO twin plate clutch for R34 GT-R

Pull style throw out bearing on a NISMO twin plate clutch for R34 GT-R

Nissan Skyline GT-R Transmission and clutch parts and part numbers

Clutch Pull to push conversion-
Late Model R32, R33
Front cover assembly :32110-05U11 (japan part only)
Gasket :32112-05U12
Clutch fork :30531-01S00 (same part for a 1991-1993 240SX)
Spring :30514-14600
Spring :30534-E9000
T/O bearing :30502-14601
Bearing sleeve:30501-S0160 / 30501-N1601 (14mm for twin / trip disc)
Bearing sleeve: 30501-K0404 (24mm for single disc)
Dust cover :30542-31610
Slave cylinder :30620-21U01
Flywheel bolt: 12315-04U00

Factory Clutch
R32 GTR(There are early and late R32, so double check this)
Disc- C0100-05U15
Cover-30210 - 05U01
Bearing- 30502-21000
Disc- 30100-21U01
Cover- 30210-21U00
Throw out bearing- 30502-12U00 (300ZX part) or 30502-45P00 (300ZX part)
Bearing Sleeve- 30501-S0200 (18mm)
Disc- 30100-0V708
Cover- 30210-24U00
Bearing- 30502-12U00
Disc- 30100-0V708
Cover-30210 - AA300
Bearing- 30502-12U00

Updated 3rd, 4th and 5th gear trans part (R32-R33)
32606-30P10 Coupling sleeve
32251-30P14 2nd gear
32604-30P60 ring 5th
32261-12014 3rd gear
32604-30P61 ring
32811-05U10 shift fork
32611-AA510 Coupling sleave
32609-70L15 Shifting insulator X3
32201-05U71 Main drive gear
32604-40P61 ring
32605-30P11 Hub
32603-30P00 Spring shifting X2
32212-AA504 Counter gear
32230-054U24 First gear
32137-AA500 Plate
32341-30P04 Over drive gear ( 5th gear )
32245-30P60 Reverse gear
32220-30P60 Reverse gear
32614-30P60 Ring
32615-30P60 Shifting insulator X3
32214-01G21 Counter
32616-30P20 Coupling sleeve
32282-30P61 Reverse gear
32320-VB361 Shaft
32139-VB300 retainer
32312-30P24 gear
32320-VB361 shaft
32139-VB300 retainer

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